ABULAFIA


ABULAFIA
ABULAFIA (Heb. אַבּוּלְעֲפְיָה; Arabic for "father of health"; also Abulaffia, Abulefia, Abualefia, Abu Alafia, etc.), widespread and influential family, members of which were rabbis, poets, statesmen, and communal leaders in Spain. After the expulsion of the Jews from Spain the name became common in some Oriental countries. A distinguished rabbinical family was established in Palestine and Syria after Ḥayyim ben Moses (?) Abulafia moved from Smyrna to Tiberias. The most important Spanish branch, centered in Toledo from the 12th century, were levites and generally called Levi (Arabic Al-lavi) Abulafia, etc. The epitaphs of many members of the family, sometimes obsequiously phrased, are preserved; they included (beside those subsequently mentioned in individual articles) the physician Moses ben Meir (1255); Joseph ben Meir, rabbi in Seville, perhaps his grandson (1341); the communal leaders and royal officials Meir ben Joseph, Samuel, and Meir ben Solomon (victims of the Black Death, 1349–50); and Samuel ben Meir (1380). Samuel Abolafia of Almeria was in charge of the commissariat for the Catholic monarchs during the campaign against Granada in 1484. The New Christian magistrate Juan Fernandez Abolafia participated in the plot against the inquisition in Seville and was a victim of the first auto-dafé there in 1481. Joseph David Abulafia (d. 1823), was av bet din in Tiberias before 1798 and later rabbi in Damascus. He signed letters of introduction for the emissaries of Tiberias as did his grandson Joseph David Abulafia (II) (d. 1898), who was also rabbi in Tiberias. Moses and Jacob Abulafia were among the Jews arrested in Damascus in 1840 in connection with the damascus blood libel: the former, designated as a rabbi, informed against his coreligionists. Isaac Abulafia was rabbi in Damascus (1876–88). In Italy in modern times the name was rendered as Bolaffio, Bolaffi, etc. It is said that the first Jew to settle in Spain in the modern period was an Abulafia from Tunis. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Spain, index; Baer, Urkunden, index; Sefarad (1957), index volume; Cantera-Millás, Inscripciones, index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.C. Gómez Menor, in: I Congreso internacional "Encuentro de las tres culturas" (1983), 185–93. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ABULAFIA (A.) — ABULAFIA ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL (1240 apr. 1291) Kabbaliste né à Saragosse, Abulafia voyage dès sa première jeunesse en Palestine, où la guerre des chrétiens contre les musulmans l’arrête à Acre et le force à revenir en Europe. Il se marie en Grèce,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abulafia — (12–14th centuries)    Spanish family. The members of the Abulafia family were community leaders, poets, rabbis and Cabbalists in medieval Spain. The most important branch of the family lived in Toledo. Especially significant were the following.… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Abulafia — Ausschnitt aus der Stammtafel der Familie Abulafia. Abulafia ist die latinisierte Version des arabischen Namens أبو العافية, Abu l Afiyya, hebr. אבולעפיה). Unter sephardischen Juden ist er als Familienname weit verbreitet. Namensträger Abraham… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abulafia — Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (1240 en Zaragoza; hacia 1292) fue uno de los cabalistas, idealista y místico más importantes de Al Andalus del siglo XIII. Un exponente judío de la corriente llamada extática , que se oponía a la opinión teosófica… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ABULAFIA, MEIR — (1170?–1244), talmudic commentator, thinker, and poet; the most renowned Spanish rabbi of the first half of the 13th century. His only son Judah died in 1226, but his grandchildren and great grandchildren through his daughters lived in Toledo… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABULAFIA, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL — (1240–after 1291), founder of the prophetic Kabbalah. Born in Saragossa, Spain, Abulafia moved to Tudela in his childhood and studied with his father until the latter s death in 1258. In 1260 he left Spain for the Land of Israel in search for the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abulafia (disambiguation) — Abulafia (the Latinized version of the Arabic name أبو العافية, Abu l Afiyya , he. אבולעפיה) can refer to:#Name of a widely scattered Sephardi Jewish family, one of whose branches, for the sake of clearer designation, bore the surname of ha Levi …   Wikipedia

  • ABULAFIA, TODROS BEN JUDAH HA-LEVI — (1247–after 1298), Hebrew poet. He was born in Toledo and spent most of his life there. Todros was a member of a well known family of the city, although his kinships with other Abulafias, such as meir abulafia , or with the Rav, todros ben joseph …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN JACOB — (II) (c. 1660–1744), rabbi, known as the Second. He is grandson of hayyim ben jacob abulafia the First. About 1666 the Abulafia family moved from Hebron to Jerusalem, where Hayyim studied with Moses Galante and others. In 1699 he went on a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN DAVID — (c. 1700–1775), rabbi and codifier. Abulafia, a grandson of Ḥayyim ben Jacob Abulafia, was born either in Jerusalem or in Smyrna. He studied under isaac rappaport , author of Battei Kehunnah. About 1740 he was appointed rabbi of Larissa (Greece) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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